Dealing Crack: The Social World of Street-corner Selling
With the enhancement of global development, the attributes of national and regional developments has taken charge resulting in the increase in urban population. Increase in urban population has had both positive and adverse effects to the society and it is notable that positive effects have enhanced development but the adverse effects have resulted in the establishment of critical behaviors. One significant attribute that has developed because of the aspects of the upsurge of urban population is the establishment of high crime rates and specifically, the rise in the consumption of crack that is also known as cocaine. Analytical results has noted that development of crowd sourcing that was initiated as a legitimate tool for leveraging the wisdom of the crowds with a bid to solve complex difficulties and challenges has been adopted by the criminals in their underground operations. Specifically, drug dealers have adopted this sentiment because they have found I to be beneficial I identification of target customers and in the conduction of sales. Because of the usage of these incentives, drug dealers in the worlds of street corners have gained millions of shillings and have thus become threats to the law enforcement agencies because the profitability of the venture has enabled to accumulate heavy artillery and information. This analysis is aimed at finding the aspects and attributes leading to the development of the crime in the street corners and it is guided by the thesis statement that states that,
Crime occurs when there is an intersection in time and space of a motivated offender, an attractive target and insufficient guardianship. Crime is also enhanced through the theory of general strain that highlights stimuli for engaging in crime because it is depicted as one of the negative effects of the response to strain.
Depiction of rational choice deterrence
The establishment of this theory has significant relationship with the depiction of crime in the street corners as highlighted by Bruce. The consideration of this book is based on the elements of building on classical theories where crime is seen as the ideal choice for a given rate of population and this establishment is further influenced by the cost and benefits which is generally termed as the rationality of crime in the street corners. In reality, the consideration of involving in criminal activities is one attribute that reduces performance and output of an organization and the individuals and this incentive calls for the joint effort of the community and the government to help in the activity of reducing crime in the area. Certainly, the book labeled “Dealing Crack: The Social World of Street corner selling” is beneficial in highlighting the aspects and activities that occurs in the street corners (Jacobs, 1999). The establishment of the book highlights the contributions of the partners and the perpetrators of dealing crack. Crack is harmful to the consumers and the financial benefits from it are immense. In this regard, majority of the participants and dealers in crack are geared to the trade because of the significant amount of financial benefits. The writer acknowledges that reducing crack consumption in the street corners is a huge menace because the dealers have used their money to generate huge amount of information and machinery and this has been of adverse effects in the fight against crack in the street corners. The elements of punishment and punishment avoidance are some of the measures that have been used in ascertaining the cost of crime in the street corners because the both the offenders and the victims have limited regard for the law.
The consideration of the book considers crack as one of the highly addictive drugs whose consumption increases at alarming rates in the regions where it is consumed. According to the information received from the book, the attributes of crack in the street corners is based on the establishment of the criminal networks within the streets and these networks are involved with the coordination of activities. In the regard, the rise in the demand for crack is one attribute that increase demand for the product that this perspective leads to the establishment of considerable business opportunities for the drug dealers. Therefore, profitability in the venture is highlighted as one of the contributing factors for the blossoming of the trade and inappropriate costs factor of the venture has also contributed immensely towards generation of ideal factors. Over the period, performance of the crack cocaine in the streets has continued to decline because of the measures initiated by the federal government. Another contributing resulting in the decline in the performance of crack cocaine in the streets is because of the introduction of other beneficial forms of cocaine that are significantly more harmful and more intoxicating (Heather Lehr Wagner, 2003). The performance of crack in the streets has received significant fights from the locals because the depiction of this incentive results in the aspect of social distress to the individuals in the streets. Analysis of the book highlights significant concerns raised about the lives of the individuals living in the streets because of the consumption of substance. Other individuals in the street are driven to consume the substance because of the influence for the environment.
The consideration of the information highlighted in the thesis statement about the attributes of crime in the streets shows that conduction of crime is based on the rationality of the vices in the society. The book is critical in the analysis and depiction of crime and its attributes and it recognizes government role in reducing the cases of criminal activities in the region. This consideration is highly considered by the citizens because it forms one of the leading incentives for engaging in the conduction of criminal activities. This consideration is ideal as in the perspective of the enhancing costs to the disparities in the society involves the consideration of enacting punishment to the law offenders. Analysis of the American laws and ethical values have considered consumption of cocaine and all its components illegal therefore, consumption is cocaine is significantly regulated by the government (Heather Lehr Wagner, 2003). On the other hand, the law enforcement agencies in the street corners have difficulties in conducting their duties because the streets are infested with increased lawlessness. The depiction from the book is beneficial as it adds that the streets are dangerous, socially distressed and characterize by impoverished neighborhood. In view of these revelations, the performance of vices has continued to prevail in the streets because the activities of law enforcement agencies are significantly reduced. The theory highlighting rationality in the conduction of crime in the streets is immensely considered because it has the effects (Jacobs, 1999). Normally, the government has stipulated terms highlighting the costs of crime and modes of punishment to the perpetrators. On the other hand, conduction of criminal activities is motivated through the involvement of significant amount of benefits. The aspect of rationality is highly influenced by analysis of the levels of benefits and the given costs.
In view of the development leading to the increase of the activities in the organization, the critical establishment of the vice in the society is motivated by the ideal factors that therefore form that underlying motivation for selling crack in the street corners. The streets are infested with complex and social organization that protects the dealers for the aspects of law enforcement agencies and other undercover policemen. The advents of protection are crucial because they eliminate the costs perspective of the trade and ensure that the participants enjoy absolute benefits of the trade. The dealers’ area also protected from the criminal predators thereby ensuring that the costs of the trade are eliminated and this has immensely enhanced profitability of the venture thereby prompting many entrants in the market guided by the theory of rationality (L. Thomas Winfree, 2009). The hardcore dealers in the drug have insisted on selling the drug whose prices has been on the decline in the risky and competitive market because they have influence on retaining high profits. The attribute of dealing crack on the street corners is surrounded by fear and aura because the locals believe in the establishment of ideal features for development. Therefore, rational choice of the inhabitants is largely influenced by the fact that benefits of dealing crack cocaine in the streets are more than the costs. Finally, another sentimental theory that highlights conduction of crime in the society is the attribute of general theory of crime, control balance and power control. This theory assumes that criminal motives are immense but he leading factor is the absence of control that may be rooted in social bonds or social control. The aspects of control differ from location to location and this results in the enhancement of different controls.
The theory of routine activities
This theory has been found to be immensely beneficial in highlighting the attributes of criminal activities in different locations. Social structures and set ups are immensely ideal because they have the attribute ensuring that ethical practices prevail. The theory asserts that crime occurs when there is an intersection in the attributes of time and space. This aspect call for the attribute of ideal governance and observation of the factors but the depiction of street environment is considered to be adverse because it certainly family structure are not kept and observed. In reality, majority of the member of the street families are unlearned and employed. In the quest to find employment and livelihood, the members are distracted by the prevailing menace of adverse social groups that considers indulgence in the sale of crack cocaine for the attribute of raising money (L. Thomas Winfree, 2009). The book is critical in the analysis and depiction of crime and its attributes and it recognizes government role in reducing the cases of criminal activities in the region. This consideration is highly considered by the citizens because it forms one of the leading incentives for engaging in the conduction of criminal activities. This consideration is ideal as in the perspective of the enhancing costs to the disparities in the society involves the consideration of enacting punishment to the law offenders. Analysis of the American laws and ethical values have considered consumption of cocaine and all its components illegal therefore, consumption is cocaine is significantly regulated by the government (L. Thomas Winfree, 2009). On the other hand, the law enforcement agencies in the street corners have difficulties in conducting their duties because the streets are infested with increased lawlessness. The depiction from the book is beneficial as it adds that the streets are dangerous, socially distressed and characterize by impoverished neighborhood. It is true that the daily activities are immensely effective in the establishment of personal character traits and the daily lives of the members of the street family’s leads to the involvement in the consideration of dealing in crack cocaine. The attributes of street corners are worsened by the consideration of the attribute that the ideal guardianship is not provided in the street families thereby continuing the aspect of participating in drugs. In the vent of dealing crack cocaine and rising crime rates, analysis of motivating factors for selling the commodity are highlighted and organization of the social set up and social structure organizations takes the leading role. In his study to accumulate different aspects of findings for analysis, the author identifies that the streets dangerous various aspects of illegal aspects are present but the activity of the police are immense. The routine in the street form the motivation for dealing in crack because drug trade forms the ideal activity in the social establishment and establishment of police activities are significantly reduced. In the event that guardianship is absent amongst the families in the street corners, the indulgence of the children in crack cocaine activities becomes very rampant. And this is considered in the example where different interviews are conducted with both dealers and non-dealers.
In the establishment of “Dealing Crack: The Social World of Street corner Selling,” the consideration of applying the theory of rationality is beneficial in highlighting the attributes of street corner depiction. This theory asserts the necessity for rationality and its consequence in highlighting the emergence of crime in the streets. And it states that when benefits are more than the costs of crime in the community, the attributes of crime prevails. This is the example of “Dealing Crack: The Social World of Street corner Selling” where financial and social benefits exceeds the costs of punishment because there is an existing agreement with law enforcement agencies. The attributes of routine activities theory is also highlighted as the ideal factor that influences the establishment of the social structures in the street corner. Certainly, crime occurs when there is an intersection in the aspects of time and space for development. Furthermore, the daily activities conducted by the inhabitants in the social up is extremely ideal because the selling of crack cocaine is an attribute that enhances establishment of adverse behaviors in the street corner leading to increased consumption of crack cocaine. Finally, the elements of the general theory of crime control and balance is immensely beneficial because it considers the factors that enhance or reduce crime activities. Based on this theory, the underlying attribute causing crime is lack of control and this is true with regard to the social structures depicted in the book. The activities of law enforcement agencies have been significantly reduced because of the relationship between the two factors and absence of control has impacted negatively on the inhabitants of street corners thereby leading to the increase in consumption crack cocaine. Therefore, the aspects of this book provide ideal representation of the activities in the street corners where law enforcement agencies have limited regard for the laws because of the financial benefits they derive from the drug dealers.
Heather Lehr Wagner, D. J. (2003). Cocaine. United States: Infobase Publishing.
Jacobs, B. A. (1999). Dealing Crack: The Social World of Streetcorner Selling. New York: UPNE.
L. Thomas Winfree, H. A. (2009). Understanding Crime: Essentials of Criminological Theory. New York: Cengage Learning.